Vitamin or life substance are the ingredients of food that all organisms need in small amounts. Chemically, these are organic compounds that is called vitamin.
This cannot be produced by the body in sufficient quantity but it is necessary to take it as food.
Every animal needs different types of vitamins. Just like a human body cannot make vitamin-c, so we have to take it with food but there are some animals such as dogs, whose body can make vitamin-c by themselves.
Two States of Vitamins
Vitamins are either fat-soluble or are water-soluble. The first one is those which can be easily stored in our bodies. It is stored in fatty tissues.
Fat-soluble vitamins will remain inside our body for many days. Water-soluble vitamins cannot be stored. They do not stay in our bodies for long.
Types of Vitamins
There are 13 types of Vitamins. Let’s know
- Vitamin-A – 1909- RETINOL is also called Anti-Xerophthalmic Vitamin.
- Vitamin-B -1912 – THIAMIN
- Vitamin-C – 1912
- Vitamin-D – 1918
- Vitamin-B2 – 1920
- Vitamin-E – 1922
- Vitamin-B12 – 1926
- Vitamin-K – 1929
- Vitamin-B 5- 1931
- Vitamin-B7- 1931
- Vitamin-B6 – 1934
- Vitamin-B3 – 1936
- Vitamin-B9 – 1941
Vitamin-A is very important to see with eyes. It also prevents infectious diseases. Efficiency of Vitamin-A can cause Night blindness, less visible in the dark.
In the absence of Vitamin-A in children, growth also slows down, which can affect their height. Vitamin-A is a healthy immune system and also good for cell growth.
Foods which contains high Vitamin-A
Vitamin B is very important to give vitality to the body. Lack of this vitamin makes the body the home of many diseases. Numbers of vitamin-B had been discovered same are Vitamin-B complex.
Although all the departments are integral to each other, they all differ among themselves. This vitamin is soluble in water.
Its main function is to keep the nerves healthy and contribute actively to the digestion of food. It gives vitality to the body by increasing hunger.
Sources in the vitamin B complex include tomatoes, husk, wheat flour, egg yolk, green leaf greens, almonds, walnuts, unpolished rice, plant seeds, betel nuts, orange, grapes, milk, fresh beans, fresh peas, Pulses, liver, vegetable greens, potatoes, nuts, yeast, maize, chickpea, coconut, pistachios, fresh fruits, karkalla, yogurt, spinach, cabbage, fish, ,Malta, rice husk etc.
Finger-less of the hands and feet, swelling and defect in the nerves of the brain, feet cold and wet, muscle defect in the back of the head, weakening of the muscles, numbness of the extremities, loss of body weight,
Loss of sleep, bladder dysfunction, epidemic malfunction, red pimples on the body, weak heart, swelling in the body, vertigo, loss of eyesight, digestive function.
Vitamin-C is much better than rest of the vitamins for our healthy body. It is water soluble vitamin and dissolves in water. Vitamins-C is the best anti-oxidant which prevents free radicals causing cancer and others diseases.
It’s also good for heart and asthma patients. Vitamin-C an excellent healing power that proves to be very helpful in quick healing of skin wounds.
- Mustard Spinach
- Brussels Sprouts
Vitamin-D is a group of fat-soluble pro-hormones. It has two main forms: Vitamin-D2 (or Argocalciferol) and Vitamin -D3 (or Cholecalciferol).
Calcitriol (1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol) found in the body is the active form of vitamin D. With the help of Vitamin D, it helps to maintain calcium in the body which is essential for strengthening bones.
This condition is called rickets in teenagers and softening of the bone is called osteomalacia in adults.
Thinning and weakening of bone is called osteoporosis. Apart from this, vitamin D also protects against diseases like cancer, tuberculosis.
#5. Vitamin- B2
Vitamin-B2 is a water soluble vitamin. Vitamin-B2 helps break down protein, fats and carbohydrate. Vitamin B2 is keeping the eyes, nerves, muscle and skin healthy.
Foods which contains high Vitamin B2
- Dairy Products (Milk, Butter, Curd, Yoghurt and Cheese)
- Sweet Potato
- Nuts (Almonds,
- Chicken, Fish(Salmon)
Vitamin-E refers to the group of compounds which contain both tocopherol and tocotrienol. Used to make red blood cells or red blood cells in the blood.
Vitamin-E also helps to maintain many organs in the body in a normal way, like muscles and other cells.
It protects the body from harmful form of oxygen, called oxygen radicals. This property is called anti-oxidants.
Vitamin-E maintains its outer shell or cell membrane to maintain cell survival. It also keeps the body’s fatty acids in balance.
In premature or premature infants, vitamin E deficiency leads to anemia. This can cause anemia or anemia in them.
In children and adult people, lack of Vitamin-E may cause neurological problems of the brain. Taking too much vitamin E can affect the blood cells, making it possible to bleed or disease.
To keep the body healthy, various vitamins, minerals, proteins, carbohydrates and fiber etc. are required.
Most essential elements for the body are nourished by dietary substances.
There is a vitamin that is very important for the health of the body, but due to lack of sufficient amount in the dietary elements, deficiency of this vitamin is found in most Indians.
The name of this vitamin is – Vitamin-B12.
- Vitamin-B12 is very necessary for the formation of red blood cells in the body.
- Due to deficiency of Vitamin-B12, anemia can occur in the body
- Vitamin-B12 keeps Nervous System healthy in the body. Brain deficiency can also occur due to its deficiency.
- Folic acid is not absorbed in the body due to deficiency of Vitamin B12.
- The risk of heart disease is reduced due to Vitamin-B12.
It’s the soluble vitamin in fat that is required by humans to synthesize certain types of proteins. Vitamin-K deficiency does not “clot blood”.
In the body, this vitamin is helpful in the complete synthesis of certain types of proteins, which are helpful in making the blood clot.
Apart from this, with the help of Vitamin ‘K‘, the body controls the binding of calcium in bones and other tissues.
Vitamin-B5 deficiency seen in very few people. A major reason for this found in almost every vegetable.
However, due to lack of Vitamin-B5 we can fall into the grip of many diseases like fatigue, muscle spasms, irritation, etc.
According to experts, to avoid diseases caused by Vitamin-B5 deficiency, we should take 10 mg regularly. A specific diet containing Vitamin-B5 is being mentioned here.
Biotin is an organic compound. Biotin is a water-soluble same are Vitamin- B category. Vitamin-B7 formerly known as Vitamin H and Conzyme R.
It is made up of a urea ring connected with a titerhydroththeniffy ring connected to one of the carbon atoms of a valeric acid retestant tterhydroththenify ring.
Biotin an innate substance for the carboxylase enzyme, involved in the synthesis of fatty acids, isoleucine, and valine, and in gluconeogenesis.
B6-Vitamin, along with other vitamins helps the body turn food into enegry. B6-vitamin known as Pyridoxine or pyridoxine.
These types of vitamins found in certain foods such as grains, beans, vegetables, liver, meat, and eggs. These essential nutrients help in converting our food into energy.
Vitamin-B3, also known as niacin, can be an important nutrient. Every part of your body requires Vitamin-B3 to function properly. This vitamin is one of the total eight Vitamin-B3.
Vitamin-B3 can also help reduce cholesterol. Reduces arthritis pain. Regulates blood sugar levels and promotes brain function.
Here you should know some of the impressive benefits of Vitamin-B3. However, if you take it in high doses it can also have serious side effects.
Here we give you the benefits and sources of Vitamin-B3.
Folic acid is a synthetic form of Vitamin-B9. Vitamin-B9 also known as folacin and folate.
Vitamin-B9 generally found naturally in food, but often occurs in processed foods and used in multivitamin-mineral supplements.
Synthetic folic acid is not an essential nutrient. Generally found in cereal products in many countries.
The adult requires approximately 400 mg of dietary folate per day, while pregnant women require 600 mcg per day