Breast Cancer – Cure and Prevention

Women experience breast changes throughout their lives. Being aware of these changes and learning how women’s breasts feel at different times can help women understand breast disease. If women are familiar with their breast changes, then they can feel the signs of breast disease, taking into account any abnormal changes. Breast disease can be caused at any age, change in hormone level, or any medication.

Breast diseases are either cancer-free (mild) or cancer-related (fatal). Most breast diseases are cancer-free, due to which there is no life risk and does not require treatment. But breast cancer means loss of breast or life.

For this reason, breast cancer is the biggest threat to life in women. Breast diseases can be classified with either reproductive system disorders, or reproductive disorders. There are many types of breast diseases, they cause a knot on the chest with or without infection.

Some breast diseases are mild, which are harmless. The most common breast diseases are mastitis (bacterial infection), cysts, mild lumps, and cancer. Early detection of breast disease is necessary.

In today’s era, breast cancer is the leading cause of death in women. Breast cancer screening is possible through self-examination. There are many symptoms of breast cancer that can be treated in the initial days of investigation.

Symptoms related to breast cancer are common. Due to these symptoms, more than 15 million women go to the doctor every year for examination. These symptoms include:

  • Having pain in breast
  • The feeling that does not go away
  • Feeling of wet skin around the nipple
  • Redness, thickness, or pressure in breast skin
  • Unwanted changes in breast size
  • Changes in the shape of nipple, like being pulled inside

According to WHO

Breast cancer is the most frequent cancer among women. It’s impacting about 2.1 million women each year, it is also responsible for the greatest number of cancer-related deaths among women.

In 2018, about 627,000 women died from breast cancer – that is approximately 15% of all cancer deaths among women. While breast cancer rates are higher among women in more developed regions, rates are increasing in nearly every region globally.

In order to improve breast cancer outcomes and survival, early detection is critical.

Types of breast cancer

1- Invasive ductal carcinoma is a type of breast cancer. 80% of cancer in women is caused by invasive ductal carcinoma. This type of cancer spreads through the duct wall to the fat portion of the breast. This type of cancer develops in milk ducts.

2- Inflammatory breast cancer is very rare. This type of cancer is very difficult to treat. It spreads very fast in the body. Thereby women are at the highest risk of death. Inflammatory cancer is found in less than 1 percent.

3- Breast cancer named Paget’s disease begins around the nipple. Due to which the area around the nipple starts to turn black. Paget’s disease occurs to women who have breast-related problems. In these problems, it is important to have etching in the nipple, pain in the breast, and infection.

4- In addition to these breast cancers found in women, there are many other types of cancer such as tubular carcinoma, medullary carcinoma, mucus carcinoma, lobular carcinoma.

Stages of breast cancer

Stage 0- In this stage of cancer, the cancer made in the milk or tissue producing milk is limited there and does not reach any other part of the body, even the rest of the breast.

Stage 1- Tissue begins to expand in stage 1 and affects healthy tissue. It may extend to the fatty tissue of the breast and some of the breast tissue may also reach the nearest lymph node.

Stage 2- Breast cancer of this stage spreads to other parts. It may also be that it has spread to other parts.

Stage 3- In stage 3, the cancer may have spread to bones or other organs. In addition, 9 to 10 lymph nodes under the arms and a small part of it may have spread to the collar bone. For this reason, there is difficulty in its treatment.

Stage 4: In stage 4 of breast cancer, cancer has spread to the liver, lungs, bone, and brain.

Types of Breast Cancer Screening

1. Mammogram

Breast X-rays are taken in mammograms. Through this test, doctors try to find out if there is any cancer in the breast. A mammogram test every year between the ages of 40-55 and a mammogram test every 1.5 years between the ages of 55-75 is the best way to detect cancer.

2. Breast Self Examination

In this technique, women can learn to examine their breasts themselves. There are many videos available for this on the Internet. However, although medical evidence in favor of this technique remains to be established, it is considered a very useful way to make people aware of the risk and symptoms associated with breast cancer in society.

After the age of 20, all women are advised to perform cancer self-examination once a month on the second day of the onset of the period.

3. Clinical Breast Examination

This technique involves getting yourself examined by a specialist breast surgeon, general surgeon, gynecologist, family physician. So that they can see any inequality. Women below 40 years should do this every three years and every year after 40.

4. Breast Self Examination

In this technique, women can learn to examine their breasts themselves. There are many videos available for this on the Internet. However, although medical evidence in favor of this technique remains to be established, it is considered a very useful way to make people aware of the risk and symptoms associated with breast cancer in society.

After the age of 20, all women are advised to perform breast cancer self-examination once a month (on the second day of the onset of the period).

What to eat breast cancer, these 6 superfoods will remove the risk of cancer!

1.Tomato

Lycopene (a red carotenoid pigment found in tomatoes and many succulent fruits) is found in abundance in tomatoes, which reduces the risk of cancer.

“Lycopene contains the powerful antioxidant properties, which are important for blocking the action of free radicals that are damaging to the cells in our bodies.

Tomato is the best fruit to protect against breast cancer, it is capable of providing extraordinary benefits due to its high anti-oxidant properties.

It is very important that the tomatoes should be cooked, concentrated or processed. Top sources of tomatoes are also available in the market as canned tomatoes, tomato sauces, and tomato paste.

2. Green Tea

It is rich in powerful anti-oxidants, which is helpful in reducing blood pressure.

Green tea contain polyphenols, which are chemicals that have antioxidant properties. And the Antioxidants protect the cells in your body from free radicals.

Green tea has the power to limit the metastases to the lungs and liver, common places for breast cancer to spread, in rodents with breast cancer.Green tea also helps for inhibiting estrogen-positive breast cancer cells.

Squeeze a lemon into it and get extra vitamins, which help the body absorb antioxidants.

Several studies have shown that regular intake of green tea can reduce or prevent the growth rate of cancer.

3. Grains

They contain folates, vitamin B, which is helpful in preventing breast cancer.

Whole grains are the edible seeds of the grass family plants. It contains a key elements for cancer prevention, that is phytochemicals (Like phenolic acids, carotenoids, alkylresorcinols (ARs), phytosterols, lignans, anthocyanins, vitamin E member, and polysaccharides ,which are very important for the preventions against the cancer. 

Food products made from whole grains such as wheat, brown rice, maize, oats, rye, barley, millet and sorghum are an important part of a healthy diet, as they are excellent sources of vitamins, minerals, protein, fiber and protective phytochemicals.

Consumption of whole grains helps to decrease the risk of obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases. 

Grains have anti-cancer activities, its’s rich in bioactive phytochemicals and also have the potential health benefits which are abundant in the whole grains.

4. Legumes and Pulses

Legumes and Pulses are rich in three types of phytochemicals(Saponins, Protease Inhibitors & Phytic Acid)  which fight against cancer. These phytochemicals helps prevent inflammation and thus reduces the growth of cancer cells.

Legumes and pulses offer an excellent source of veg protein in your diet. cancer risk reduced by the consumption of legumes and pulses like lentils and pinto beans, black eyed peas, kidney beans etc. They are also a good source of calcium, iron and vitamin B.

5. Garlic

A rich source of the cancer-resistant substance called allium, garlic and its relatives (onions, green onions and chives) help to reduce the growth of lumps and prevent cancer as well as other types of cancers like colorectal and prostate cancers.

According to physicians, garlic contains two ingredients named S-allylcysteine ​​and diallyl disulfide, which reduce the risk of cancer in humans.

Similarly in Ayurveda, it is mentioned that garlic consumption is considered as very beneficial. According to Ayurveda, consumption of garlic cleanses the blood, as they act as natural blood purifiers.

According to medical science, garlic and onion are full of antioxidants, so they can be consumed in plenty. Raw onion and garlic are more beneficial than ripe. Therefore, you should eat them raw in the form of salad, chutney etc.

6. Vegetables with dark green leaves

Studies and experiments have shown that green leafy vegetables contain ingredients fibre, vitamin B, phytochemicals, chlorophyll and more that help protect cells from DNA damage, reducing the risk of cancer.

Many specialists have said that the darker the green, the denser the nutrition. Greens vegetables are high in antioxidants and fiber, which helps to make them potent anticancer tools.

Some famous Dark green leafy vegetables are:

  • spinach
  • kale
  • Swiss chard
  • collard, mustard, turnip, and beet greens

Conclusion

breast cancer is increasing rapidly in India. The special thing is that the risk of this has increased significantly even in young women. The main reason for this is not to follow the right lifestyle.

The World Health Organization (WHO) has predicted that by the year 2020, cases of cancer will increase significantly and 1 in every 8 women will become susceptible to the disease during their lifetime. If diagnosed early, the chances of surviving cancer are 98 percent. A healthy diet and lifestyle improvement reduces the risk of breast cancer by about 40 percent.

Losing someone is never easy.

Fitness for Women

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